Tuesday, December 28, 2010

On the accuracy and limits of peptide fragmentation spectrum prediction

Anal Chem. 2010 Dec 22. [Epub ahead of print]

On the Accuracy and Limits of Peptide Fragmentation Spectrum Prediction.

School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University , Bloomington, Indiana 47408, United States.


We estimated the reproducibility of tandem mass spectra for the widely used collision-induced dissociation (CID) of peptide ions. Using the Pearson correlation coefficient as a measure of spectral similarity, we found that the within-experiment reproducibility of fragment ion intensities is very high (about 0.85). However, across different experiments and instrument types/setups, the correlation decreases by more than 15% (to about 0.70). We further investigated the accuracy of current predictors of peptide fragmentation spectra and found that they are more accurate than the ad-hoc models generally used by search engines (e.g., SEQUEST) and, surprisingly, approaching the empirical upper limit set by the average across-experiment spectral reproducibility (especially for charge +1 and charge +2 precursor ions). These results provide evidence that, in terms of accuracy of modeling, predicted peptide fragmentation spectra provide a viable alternative to spectral libraries for peptide identification, with a higher coverage of peptides and lower storage requirements. Furthermore, using five data sets of proteome digests by two different proteases, we find that PeptideART (a data-driven machine learning approach) is generally more accurate than MassAnalyzer (an approach based on a kinetic model for peptide fragmentation) in predicting fragmentation spectra but that both models are significantly more accurate than the ad-hoc models.
PMID: 21175207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

My comments: the ad-hoc model used by SEQUEST internally is well-known a simple one. Most prediction models can 
outperform it with flying color.

1 comment:

  1. Yes, you are right. We also design custom peptide with a wide range of labels, modifications, scales and purities.